Behçet’s disease (BD) is a chronic, idiopathic, relapsing immune-mediated disease involving multiple organs, and is characterized by recurrent oral and genital ulcers, ocular disease, gastrointestinal ulcers, vascular diseases, and skin lesions. In particular, gastrointestinal involvement in BD is followed by severe complications, including massive bleeding, bowel perforation, and fistula, which can lead to significant morbidity and mortality. However, the management of intestinal BD has not yet been properly established. Intestinal BD patients with a severe clinical course experience frequent disease aggravations and often require recurrent corticosteroid and/or immunomodulatory therapies, or even surgery. However, a considerable number of patients with intestinal BD are often refractory to conventional therapies such as corticosteroids and immunomodulators. Recently, there has been a line of evidence suggesting that biologics such as infliximab and adalimumab are effective in treating intestinal BD. Moreover, new biologics targeting proteins other than tumor necrosis factor α are emerging and are under active investigation. Therefore, in this paper, we review the current therapeutic strategies and new clinical data for the treatment of intestinal BD.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by a grant (NRF-2017R1 A1A1A05001011) from the Basic Science Research Pro-
gram through the National Research Foundation of Korea, which is funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT, and Future Planning; and a faculty research grant (2012-31-0477) from the Department of Internal Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Internal Medicine