Uranium(IV) remobilization under sulfate reducing conditions

Seung Yeop Lee, Wan Sik Cha, Jong Gu Kim, Min Hoon Baik, Euo Chang Jung, Jong Tae Jeong, Kyungsu Kim, Sang Yong Chung, Yong Jae Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of environmental factors, such as dissolved metal species and their concentrations, on microbial sulfide formation and U(VI) reduction processes are important. During microbial sulfate reduction by Desulfovibrio desulfuricans, the initial aqueous uranium(VI) in our system decreased and later increased as a liquid uranium(IV) suspension. The change in the uranium phase was strongly associated with a biogenic FeS solid (mackinawite), the mineralogical growth of which was affected by the coexisting metal cations (e.g., Ni and Cu). Using laser-induced fluorescence and capillary cell spectroscopy, zeta potentiometry, and ultrafiltration techniques, the produced U(IV) suspension was investigated in situ at a very low level (≤10-6M) and was identified to be uranium dioxides (UO2) in the form of nm-sized colloids. In addition to the spectroscopic techniques, the direct examination by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) revealed that the U(IV) phase evidently occurs from the FeS surface in the form of discrete UO2 nanocrystals. Our results indicate that the metal sulfide produced by sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) may be an important agent for dispersing the aqueous U(VI) in a colloidal U(IV) form, which would be mobile in porous media such as soils and sediments due to its nanometer-sizes. This study contributes to the understanding of how the FeS metallic conductor abiotically affects the behavior of redox-sensitive uranium by transforming its properties at the mineral surface in sulfate reducing environments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)40-48
Number of pages9
JournalChemical Geology
Volume370
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Mar 26

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Uranium
remobilization
Sulfates
uranium
sulfate
Metals
Sulfides
Suspensions
metal
sulfide
mackinawite
Colloids
Ultrafiltration
High resolution transmission electron microscopy
laser induced fluorescence
Nanocrystals
Minerals
Porous materials
Cations
sulfate-reducing bacterium

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geology
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Cite this

Lee, S. Y., Cha, W. S., Kim, J. G., Baik, M. H., Jung, E. C., Jeong, J. T., ... Lee, Y. J. (2014). Uranium(IV) remobilization under sulfate reducing conditions. Chemical Geology, 370, 40-48. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemgeo.2014.01.020
Lee, Seung Yeop ; Cha, Wan Sik ; Kim, Jong Gu ; Baik, Min Hoon ; Jung, Euo Chang ; Jeong, Jong Tae ; Kim, Kyungsu ; Chung, Sang Yong ; Lee, Yong Jae. / Uranium(IV) remobilization under sulfate reducing conditions. In: Chemical Geology. 2014 ; Vol. 370. pp. 40-48.
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Lee, SY, Cha, WS, Kim, JG, Baik, MH, Jung, EC, Jeong, JT, Kim, K, Chung, SY & Lee, YJ 2014, 'Uranium(IV) remobilization under sulfate reducing conditions', Chemical Geology, vol. 370, pp. 40-48. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemgeo.2014.01.020

Uranium(IV) remobilization under sulfate reducing conditions. / Lee, Seung Yeop; Cha, Wan Sik; Kim, Jong Gu; Baik, Min Hoon; Jung, Euo Chang; Jeong, Jong Tae; Kim, Kyungsu; Chung, Sang Yong; Lee, Yong Jae.

In: Chemical Geology, Vol. 370, 26.03.2014, p. 40-48.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Lee, Seung Yeop

AU - Cha, Wan Sik

AU - Kim, Jong Gu

AU - Baik, Min Hoon

AU - Jung, Euo Chang

AU - Jeong, Jong Tae

AU - Kim, Kyungsu

AU - Chung, Sang Yong

AU - Lee, Yong Jae

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N2 - The effects of environmental factors, such as dissolved metal species and their concentrations, on microbial sulfide formation and U(VI) reduction processes are important. During microbial sulfate reduction by Desulfovibrio desulfuricans, the initial aqueous uranium(VI) in our system decreased and later increased as a liquid uranium(IV) suspension. The change in the uranium phase was strongly associated with a biogenic FeS solid (mackinawite), the mineralogical growth of which was affected by the coexisting metal cations (e.g., Ni and Cu). Using laser-induced fluorescence and capillary cell spectroscopy, zeta potentiometry, and ultrafiltration techniques, the produced U(IV) suspension was investigated in situ at a very low level (≤10-6M) and was identified to be uranium dioxides (UO2) in the form of nm-sized colloids. In addition to the spectroscopic techniques, the direct examination by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) revealed that the U(IV) phase evidently occurs from the FeS surface in the form of discrete UO2 nanocrystals. Our results indicate that the metal sulfide produced by sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) may be an important agent for dispersing the aqueous U(VI) in a colloidal U(IV) form, which would be mobile in porous media such as soils and sediments due to its nanometer-sizes. This study contributes to the understanding of how the FeS metallic conductor abiotically affects the behavior of redox-sensitive uranium by transforming its properties at the mineral surface in sulfate reducing environments.

AB - The effects of environmental factors, such as dissolved metal species and their concentrations, on microbial sulfide formation and U(VI) reduction processes are important. During microbial sulfate reduction by Desulfovibrio desulfuricans, the initial aqueous uranium(VI) in our system decreased and later increased as a liquid uranium(IV) suspension. The change in the uranium phase was strongly associated with a biogenic FeS solid (mackinawite), the mineralogical growth of which was affected by the coexisting metal cations (e.g., Ni and Cu). Using laser-induced fluorescence and capillary cell spectroscopy, zeta potentiometry, and ultrafiltration techniques, the produced U(IV) suspension was investigated in situ at a very low level (≤10-6M) and was identified to be uranium dioxides (UO2) in the form of nm-sized colloids. In addition to the spectroscopic techniques, the direct examination by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) revealed that the U(IV) phase evidently occurs from the FeS surface in the form of discrete UO2 nanocrystals. Our results indicate that the metal sulfide produced by sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) may be an important agent for dispersing the aqueous U(VI) in a colloidal U(IV) form, which would be mobile in porous media such as soils and sediments due to its nanometer-sizes. This study contributes to the understanding of how the FeS metallic conductor abiotically affects the behavior of redox-sensitive uranium by transforming its properties at the mineral surface in sulfate reducing environments.

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Lee SY, Cha WS, Kim JG, Baik MH, Jung EC, Jeong JT et al. Uranium(IV) remobilization under sulfate reducing conditions. Chemical Geology. 2014 Mar 26;370:40-48. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemgeo.2014.01.020