Usefulness of pelvic artery embolization in cesarean section compared with vaginal delivery in 176 patients

Hyun Joo Lee, Gyeong Sik Jeon, Man Deuk Kim, Sang Heum Kim, Jong Tae Lee, Min Jeong Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of transcatheter arterial embolization of the pelvic arteries for the treatment of postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) associated with cesarean section compared with vaginal delivery. Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis of 176 patients undergoing transcatheter arterial embolization of the pelvic arteries for PPH from January 2006 through August 2011 was conducted at two institutions. The mean patient age was 33.9 years (range, 24-46 years). Data including delivery details, hematology and coagulation results, embolization details, and clinical outcomes were collected. Technical success was defined as cessation of bleeding on angiography or angiographically successful embolization of the bleeding artery. Clinical success was defined as the obviation of repeated embolization or surgical intervention. Results: The technical success rate was 98.8% (n = 174), and the clinical success rate was 89.7% (n = 158). Among 176 patients, 71 had cesarean sections, and 105 underwent normal vaginal deliveries. Of the 105 patients who underwent normal vaginal deliveries, 11 (10.5%) required repeat embolization or surgical intervention. Of the 71 patients who had cesarean sections, 7 (9.8%) required repeat embolization or surgical intervention. The clinical success rate and complication rate were not related to the mode of delivery. All women resumed menses after transcatheter arterial embolization, and most (n = 125) described their menses as unchanged. Subsequent spontaneous pregnancies occurred in 13 women. Conclusions: The cesarean mode of delivery is not a predictor of poorer outcomes of transcatheter arterial embolization; however, further study is needed to clarify this relationship.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)103-109
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jan

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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