Purpose: Parathyroid adenoma detection with dual-phase 99mTc-sestamibi (MIBI) scintigraphy depends on differential MIBI washout from thyroid. However, autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) may cause MIBI to be retained in the thyroid gland and reduce parathyroid detection. We evaluated the impact of AITD on MIBI thyroid retention and additional benefit of SPECT/CT in these patients. Methods: Dual phase planar MIBI and SPECT/CT was performed on 82 patients. SPECT/CT was performed immediately after delayed planar scan. Thyroid density (Hounsfield unit, CT-HU) and size were measured on CT component of SPECT/CT. MIBI uptake in early scans and retention in delayed scans were visually graded and correlated with clinical factors and CT findings. Finally, planar and SPECT/CT findings were compared for parathyroid lesion visualization according to thyroid MIBI retention. Results: In early scan, multivariate analysis showed only thyroid size predicted early uptake. In delayed scan, multivariate analysis showed higher visual grade in early scan, lower CT-HU or AITD were significant predictors for delayed thyroid parenchymal retention. Overall, ten more parathyroid lesions were visualized on SPECT/CT compared to planar scans (57 vs. 47, p = 0.002). SPECT/CT was especially more useful in patients with thyroidal MIBI retention, as eight out of the ten additional lesions detected were found in patients with thyroid MIBI retention. Conclusion: AITD is an important factor for MIBI thyroid parenchymal retention on delayed scans, and may impede parathyroid lesion detection. Patients with MIBI retention in the thyroid parenchyma on delayed scans are likely to benefit from an additional SPECT/CT.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging