OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study is to investigate the safety of uterine artery embolization (UAE) for symptomatic leiomyomas in patients with autoimmune disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Of 1183 patients who underwent UAE for symptomatic leiomyomas, nine patients (mean age, 42.6 years; range, 34–49 years) with autoimmune disease were included in this study. An age- and disease-matched control group (n = 8) was randomly generated from our patient registry to compare the effectiveness and safety of UAE in patients with autoimmune disease. Volume reduction rates of the uterus and dominant leiomyoma and the change in C-reactive protein (CRP) levels before and after UAE were compared. RESULTS. Except for one patient who had Takayasu arteritis and indiscernible uterine arteries on angiogram, UAE was technically successful in both groups. All of the patients who underwent technically successful UAE experienced improvement or resolution of symptoms (16/16; 100%). Complete necrosis of dominant fibroids was achieved in all patients (16/16; 100%). Although there was no significant difference in the mean initial CRP level before UAE (0.4 ± 0.14 mg/L vs 1.06 ± 1.26 mg/L; p = 0.067), it was significantly higher in the autoimmune group 1 day after UAE (1.23 ± 0.6 mg/L vs 9.54 ± 6.63 mg/L; p = 0.001). There was no significant difference in the volume reduction rates of uterus and dominant leiomyoma. In the autoimmune group, there was one major adverse event that was not related to underlying disease. CONCLUSION. In patients with autoimmune disease, UAE could be considered for symptomatic leiomyomas, as long as the underlying disease is well controlled.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging