Two-dimensional (2D) transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs)-based van der Waals (vdW) PN junctions have been used for heterojunction diodes, which basically utilize out-of-plane current across the junction interface. In fact, the same vdW PN junction structure can be utilized for another important device application, junction field effect transistors (JFETs), where in-plane current is possible along with 2D–2D heterojunction interface. Moreover, the 2D TMD-based JFET can use both p- and n-channel for low voltage operation, which might be its unique feature. Here we report vdW JFETs as an in-plane current device with heterojunction between semiconducting p- and n-TMDs. Since this vdW JFET would have low-density traps at the vdW interface unlike 2D TMD-based metal insulator semiconductor field effect transistors (MISFETs), little hysteresis of 0.0–0.1 V and best subthreshold swing of ~100 mV/dec were achieved. Easy saturation was observed either from n-channel or p-channel JFET as another advantage over 2D MISFETs, exhibiting early pinch-off at ~1 V. Operational gate voltage for threshold was near 0 V and our highest mobility reaches to ~>500 cm2/V·s for n-channel JFET with MoS2 channel. For 1 V JFET operation, our best ON/OFF current ratio was observed to be ~104.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors acknowledge the financial support from NRF (NRL program: Grant No. 2017R1A2A1A05001278, SRC program: Grant No.2017R1A5A1014862, vdWMRC center). J.Y.L. acknowledges the tuition support from the Hyundai Motor Chung Mong-Koo Foundation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Mechanical Engineering
- Mechanics of Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics