In this paper, a flexible liquid crystal display (LCD) is developed by applying hybrid alignment layers made of vanadium dioxide (VO2) nanoparticles and homeotropic-polyimide (h-PI) onto colorless plastic substrates, and the proposed hybrid thin layers with randomly embedded agglomerated VO2 nanoparticles exhibit a transparency over 85% at 550 nm including the substrate and a strong surface irregularity. After rubbing, liquid crystals (LCs) are vertically aligned between the hybrid thin layers with a tilt angle of ∼90°, and due to the significant surface plasmon polariton (SPP) of VO2 nanoparticles, the switch of LCs under the external electrical field has been remarkably accelerated. The operating voltage to switch LCs in a 5 μm cell assembled using a pair of 0.5% VO2 nanoparticle doped h-PI hybrid alignment layers has been reduced to 3.536 V, and simultaneously, the decaying time is also shortened more than 18%. Notably, the vertical alignment of LCs was also stabilized under bending thanks to the use of undulating hybrid alignment layers. The fabricated flexible LC cell using 0.5% VO2 nanoparticle doped h-PI alignment layers yielded good flexibility at a bending radius of 1500 mm without aggravated light leakages and deduced electro-optical performance, and the VO2 agglomerates hindering the slide of LCs by providing adequate obstructions are believed as the main contributors in firmly stabilizing the vertical alignment of LCs during bending. Compared to micropatterned substrates, ultrathin VO2 nanoparticle doped h-PI alignment layers employed in flexible LC cells demonstrating their priorities in easy investigation and displaying quality improvement are emerging, highly appreciated, and of great interest for the potential applications in flexible LCDs.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||ACS Applied Electronic Materials|
|Publication status||Published - 2021 Dec 28|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Y.L. acknowledges the financial support from the Shanghai Sailing Program (18YF1400900); S.Y. acknowledges the financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51903061) and the Scientific Research Foundation of Guangxi University for Nationalities (2018KJQD03); J.S. acknowledges the financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (61805035) and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (DHU Distinguished Young Professor Program, 21D210401); and C.P.C. acknowledges the financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (61901264, 61831015) and Science and Technology Commission of Shanghai Municipality (19ZR1427200).
© 2021 American Chemical Society.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Materials Chemistry