Nonferric oxidant precursors have the unique advantage of directly polymerizing poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT)-inorganic composites. However, due to limited solubility and unmatched oxidation potentials, most oxidants only produce powders or porous materials. To obtain high-quality films with improved homogeneity and controllable particle sizes, the oxidants should be adaptable to high-standard PEDOT film fabrication techniques such as vapor phase polymerization (VPP). In this work, we discovered for the first time a nonferric metal salt suitable for the VPP process. With the addition of an Fe(III) salt to stabilize the reaction and adjust the oxidant ratio, micron-thick antibacterial S-PEDOT-Ag quantum dot (QD) composite films with tunable Ag wt% can be synthesized in one facile step. With a low Ag loading of ~0.2 wt%, the film exhibited an optimized power factor of 63.1 μW/mK2, which is among the highest values thus far reported for PEDOT-metal composites. Increase of the Ag(I) concentration in the precursor to a certain level may lead to minor decomposition of the polymer followed by the formation of Ag2S particles.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 21905293, 52072391 and 91963208) and Shanghai Municipal Natural Science Foundation (21ZR1473200).
© 2022, The Author(s).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Modelling and Simulation
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics