Variability detection by change-point analysis

Seo Won Chang, Yong Ik Byun, Jaegyoon Hahm

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

We describe a method to detect short-term variability based on the change-point analysis with filtering algorithm using local statistics. The use of cumulative sum scheme and bootstrap rank statistics as a means of detecting a series of change points is discussed. By applying this method to over 30,000 lightcurves from the MMT transit survey data, we found previously unknown evidences about stellar variability (including a total of 606 flare events, 18 eclipsing-like features, and 3 transit-like features). In particular, this approach will be effective in detecting non-periodic events in massive astronomical time series data. The detection and characterization of variability is often the first step to understand the nature of various cosmic objects. Most variability detection methods require conventional models that are mainly focused on the strictly periodic signals, and are not suitable for the study of arbitrary-shaped, non-periodic, and sporadically occurring variations, especially those of short time scales. Also, in many cases, signal estimation is equated with smoothing of data for de-noising. This sometimes discards vital information in time series data.We introduce a non-parametric method to extract all significant features based on the change-point analysis (CPA) with filtering algorithm using local statistics.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationStatistical Challenges in Modern Astronomy V
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media, LLC
Pages491-493
Number of pages3
ISBN (Print)9781461435198
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Event5th Statistical Challenges in Modern Astronomy Symposium, SCMA 2011 - University Park, PA, United States
Duration: 2011 Jun 132011 Jun 15

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Statistics
Volume209
ISSN (Print)0930-0325
ISSN (Electronic)2197-7186

Other

Other5th Statistical Challenges in Modern Astronomy Symposium, SCMA 2011
CountryUnited States
CityUniversity Park, PA
Period11/6/1311/6/15

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Statistics and Probability
  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty

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  • Cite this

    Chang, S. W., Byun, Y. I., & Hahm, J. (2012). Variability detection by change-point analysis. In Statistical Challenges in Modern Astronomy V (pp. 491-493). (Lecture Notes in Statistics; Vol. 209). Springer Science and Business Media, LLC. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-3520-4_48