Purpose: To assess the associations between vascular and metabolic comorbidities and the prevalence of open-angle glaucoma (OAG) with low-teen and high-teen intraocular pressure (IOP) in Korea. Methods: Cross-sectional data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2008 to 2012 were analysed. Participants diagnosed with OAG with normal IOP were further classified into low-teen IOP (IOP ≤ 15 mmHg) and high-teen IOP (15 mmHg < IOP ≤ 21 mmHg) groups. Using multiple logistic regression analyses, the associations between vascular and metabolic comorbidities and the prevalence of glaucoma were investigated for the low- and high-teen IOP groups. Results: The prevalences of hypertension, hyperlipidemia, ischaemic heart disease, stroke and metabolic syndrome were significantly higher among subjects with low-teen OAG compared with normal subjects, while only the prevalences of hypertension and stroke were higher among subjects with high-teen OAG compared with normal subjects. In multivariate logistic regression models adjusted for confounding factors, low-teen OAG was significantly associated with hypertension (OR, 1.68; 95% CI, 1.30–2.18), hyperlipidemia (OR, 1.49; 95% CI, 1.07–2.08), ischaemic heart disease (OR, 1.83; 95% CI, 1.07–3.11), stroke (OR, 1.91; 95% CI, 1.12–3.25) and metabolic syndrome (OR, 1.46; 95% CI, 1.12–1.90). High-teen OAG was only associated with stroke (OR, 2.58; 95% CI, 1.20–5.53). Conclusion: Various vascular and metabolic comorbidities were significantly associated with low-teen OAG, but not with high-teen OAG. These data support the hypothesis that vascular factors play a more significant role in the pathogenesis of OAG with low-teen baseline IOP.
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