Vegetation height estimate in rice fields using single polarization TanDEM-X Science Phase data

Seung Kuk Lee, Sun Yong Yoon, Joong Sun Won

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15 Citations (Scopus)


This study presents the retrieval of rice paddy height using single polarization (single-pol) interferometric SAR (InSAR) data by means of model-based height inversion without an external DEM. A total of eight TanDEM-X (TDX) scenes were used and the TDX images were; acquired using a large cross-track baseline configuration during the TDX Science Phase (June-August 2015). A single-pol inversion approach for a flooded rice field is proposed and evaluated over the Buan test site in South Korea. A novel approach is adopted for the estimation of the ground (i.e., water level) interferometric phase within a flooded rice paddy from TDX data acquired during a period of early rice growth. It is consequently possible to apply the model-based inversion algorithm to the single-pol InSAR data. Rice height maps during the rice growth cycle presented and validated by field measurements. The results demonstrated the high performance of the inversion with a correlation coefficient of 0.78 and an RMSE of 0.10 m. The proposed methodology will be useful to monitor rice plants and to predict a gross rice yield, along with dual and fully polarimetric interferometric SAR data.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1702
JournalRemote Sensing
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Nov 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding: This research was funded by Global Surveillance Research Center (GSRC) program funded by the Defense Acquisition Program Administration (DAPA) and Agency for Defense Development (ADD), and in part by National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Carbon Monitoring System (CMS) program.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 by the authors.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)


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