This study investigated vertical foreclosure effects in the Korean cable tele-vision market. While it focuses mainly on vertical foreclosure, the study also examined reciprocal carriage between large vertically integrated cable op-erators. From the analysis of cross-sectional data regarding cable operators' carriage information in Korea, two conclusions were derived. First, vertically integrated cable operators tend to carry their affiliated channels and were less likely to carry their rivals' channels. Second, the data suggest that large vertically integrated cable operators were engaged in reciprocal carriage.
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