Background: Given the lack of promptness and inevitable use of additional contrast agents, the myocardial viability imaging procedures have not been used widely for determining the need to performing revascularization. Objective: This study is aimed to evaluate the feasibility of myocardial viability assessment, consecutively with diagnostic invasive coronary angiography (ICA) without use of additional contrast agent, using a novel hybrid system comprising ICA and multislice CT (MSCT). Methods: In all, 14 Yucatan miniature swine models (female; age, 3 months; weight, 28-30 kg) were subjected to ICA followed by balloon occlusion (90 minutes) and reperfusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery. Two weeks after induction of myocardial infarction, delayed hyperenhancement (DHE) images were obtained, using a novel combined machine comprising ICA and 320-channel MSCT scanner (Aquilion ONE, Toshiba), after 2, 5, 7, 10, 15, and 20 minutes after conventional ICA. The heart was sliced in 10-mm consecutive sections in the short-axis plane and was embedded in a solution of 1% triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC). Infarct size was determined as TTC-negative areas as a percentage of total left ventricular area. On MSCT images, infarct size per slice was calculated by dividing the DHE area by the total slice area (%) and compared with histochemical analyses. Results: Serial MSCT scans revealed a peak CT attenuation of the infarct area (222.5 ± 36.5 Hounsfield units) with a maximum mean difference in CT attenuation between the infarct areas and normal myocardium of at 2 minutes after contrast injection (106.4; P for difference = 0.002). Furthermore, the percentage difference of infarct size by MSCT vs histopathologic specimen was significantly lower at 2 (8.5% ± 1.8%) and 5 minutes (9.5% ± 1.9%) than those after 7 minutes. Direct comparisons of slice-matched DHE area by MSCT demonstrated excellent correlation with TTC-derived infarct size (. r = 0.952; P < .001). Bland-Altman plots of the differences between DHE by MSCT and TTC-derived infarct measurements plotted against their means showed good agreement between the 2 methods. Conclusion: The feasibility of myocardial viability assessment by DHE using MSCT after conventional ICA was proven in experimental models, and the optimal viability images were obtained after 2 to 5 minutes after the final intracoronary injection of contrast agent for conventional ICA.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Support: Research reported in this publication was supported by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute , National Institutes of Health (Bethesda, Maryland) under award number R01 HL115150 . This work was supported by the IT R&D program of MSIP/KEIT (10044910, Development of Multimodality Imaging and 3D Simulation-Based Integrative Diagnosis-Treatment Support Software System for Cardiovascular Diseases). This study was also funded, in part, by a generous gift from the Dalio Institute of Cardiovascular Imaging (New York, NY) and the Michael Wolk Foundation (New York, NY).
© 2015 Society of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine