Vibrio vulnificus quorum-sensing molecule cyclo(Phe-Pro) inhibits RIG-I-mediated antiviral innate immunity

Wooseong Lee, Seung Hoon Lee, Minwoo Kim, Jae Su Moon, Geon Woo Kim, Hae Gwang Jung, In Hwang Kim, Ji Eun Oh, Hi Eun Jung, Heung Kyu Lee, Keun Bon Ku, Dae Gyun Ahn, Seong Jun Kim, Kun Soo Kim, Jong Won Oh

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Abstract

The recognition of pathogen-derived ligands by pattern recognition receptors activates the innate immune response, but the potential interaction of quorum-sensing (QS) signaling molecules with host anti-viral defenses remains largely unknown. Here we show that the Vibrio vulnificus QS molecule cyclo(Phe-Pro) (cFP) inhibits interferon (IFN)-β production by interfering with retinoic-acid-inducible gene-I (RIG-I) activation. Binding of cFP to the RIG-I 2CARD domain induces a conformational change in RIG-I, preventing the TRIM25-mediated ubiquitination to abrogate IFN production. cFP enhances susceptibility to hepatitis C virus (HCV), as well as Sendai and influenza viruses, each known to be sensed by RIG-I but did not affect the melanoma-differentiation-associated gene 5 (MDA5)-recognition of norovirus. Our results reveal an inter-kingdom network between bacteria, viruses and host that dysregulates host innate responses via a microbial quorum-sensing molecule modulating the response to viral infection.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1606
JournalNature communications
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Dec 1

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Lee, W., Lee, S. H., Kim, M., Moon, J. S., Kim, G. W., Jung, H. G., Kim, I. H., Oh, J. E., Jung, H. E., Lee, H. K., Ku, K. B., Ahn, D. G., Kim, S. J., Kim, K. S., & Oh, J. W. (2018). Vibrio vulnificus quorum-sensing molecule cyclo(Phe-Pro) inhibits RIG-I-mediated antiviral innate immunity. Nature communications, 9(1), [1606]. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-04075-1