Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) is related to the development of Kaposi's sarcoma. Open reading frame K9 of KSHV encodes viral interferon regulatory factor 1 (vIRF1), which functions as a repressor of interferon- and IRF1-mediated signal transduction. In addition, vIRF1 acts as an oncogene to induce cellular transformation. Here we show that vIRF1 directly associates with the tumor suppressor p53 and represses its functions. The vIRF1 interaction domains of p53 are the DNA binding domain (amino acids [aa] 100 to 300) and the tetramerization domain (aa 300 to 393). p53 interacts with the central region (aa 152 to 360) of vIRF1, vIRF1 suppresses p53-dependent transcription and deregulates its apoptotic activity. These results suggest that vIRF1 may regulate cellular function by inhibiting p53.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Insect Science