Visceral fat thickness predicts fatty liver in Koreans with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Jin Kim Hai, Ho Cho Min, Suk Park Jong, Sun Nam Ji, Seok Kang Eun, Woo Ahn Chul, Soo Cha Bong, Jig Lee Eun, Kil Lim Sung, Rae Kim Kyung, Chul Lee Hyun, Bum Huh Kap

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Abstract

Our aim was to study whether visceral adiposity is a predictor of diabetic fatty liver in Korean type 2 diabetes mellitus. In this study, abdominal ultrasonography was used to assess the presence of fatty liver in 1,898 patients with type 2 diabetes. We measured visceral fat thickness by high-resolutional ultrasonography and insulin resistance by Kitt. Half of the cohort had a fatty liver (50.2%). High visceral fat thickness had the highest odds ratio for developing fatty liver in both sexes (odds ratio [S.D]: 3.14 [2.24-4.69], p<0.00 in male, 2.84 [2.04-3.93], p<0.00 in female). In addition, visceral fat thickness of 42.45 and 37.7 mm in men and women, respectively, were chosen as the discriminating value to predict the presence of fatty liver with a sensitivity of 71% and 73% and a specificity of 70% and 70% in men and women, respectively. The area under the receiver-operating characteristics curve was 0.759 in men and 0.764 in women. Therefore we could conclude that the degree of visceral adiposity predicts the presence of fatty liver type 2 diabetes mellitus, whether centrally obese or not, suggesting that hepatic fat accumulation in a diabetic fatty liver may be influenced by visceral fat accumulation regardless of waist circumference.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)256-261
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Korean medical science
Volume23
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Apr 1

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Hai, J. K., Min, H. C., Jong, S. P., Ji, S. N., Eun, S. K., Chul, W. A., Bong, S. C., Eun, J. L., Sung, K. L., Kyung, R. K., Hyun, C. L., & Kap, B. H. (2008). Visceral fat thickness predicts fatty liver in Koreans with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Journal of Korean medical science, 23(2), 256-261. https://doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2008.23.2.256