Vitamin D deficiency adversely affects early post-operative functional outcomes after total knee arthroplasty

Keun Young Shin, Kwan Kyu Park, seonghwan moon, Ick Hwan Yang, Ho June Choi, Woo Suk Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: Vitamin D has received considerable attention in recent years owing to the increasing evidence of its importance in muscle function and physical performance. The present study attempted to determine whether patients with low serum vitamin D levels had impairment in early functional outcomes following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Methods: This was a prospective cohort study that included 92 patients. Patients were divided into two groups according to their vitamin D levels as assessed at the preoperative visit: (1) vitamin D-deficient group, serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25(OH)D) levels <12 ng/mL; (2) vitamin D non-deficient group, serum 25(OH)D levels ≥12 ng/mL. American Knee Society Score (KSS) and four other performance tests including the alternative step test (AST), six-metre walk test (SMT), sit-to-stand test (STS), and timed up and go test (TUGT) were used for assessment of post-operative function. All assessments were performed one day before and three months after TKA. Results: Of the 92 patients included in the study, 87 patients performed all required assessments. The mean post-operative functional KSS was significantly lesser in the vitamin D-deficient group than in the vitamin D non-deficient group (67.2 vs. 73.4, p = 0.031). The mean values of time taken for post-operative AST (16.6 vs. 14.6 s, p = 0.033) and SMT (8.8 vs. 7.7 s, p = 0.012) were significantly longer in the vitamin D-deficient group than in the vitamin D non-deficient group. Post-operative STS and TUGT demonstrated higher values for mean time taken in the vitamin D-deficient group than in the vitamin D non-deficient group, but these were not statistically significant (13.6 vs. 12.4 s, not significant (n.s.); 12.7 vs. 11.7 s, n.s., respectively). Conclusion: Early post-operative functional outcomes following TKA appear to be adversely affected by vitamin D deficiency. Level of evidence: Prospective cohort study, Level II.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3424-3430
Number of pages7
JournalKnee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy
Volume25
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Nov 1

Fingerprint

Knee Replacement Arthroplasties
Vitamin D Deficiency
Vitamin D
Exercise Test
Cohort Studies
Serum
Prospective Studies
Ergocalciferols
Calcifediol
Knee
Muscles

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

Shin, Keun Young ; Park, Kwan Kyu ; moon, seonghwan ; Yang, Ick Hwan ; Choi, Ho June ; Lee, Woo Suk. / Vitamin D deficiency adversely affects early post-operative functional outcomes after total knee arthroplasty. In: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy. 2017 ; Vol. 25, No. 11. pp. 3424-3430.
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abstract = "Purpose: Vitamin D has received considerable attention in recent years owing to the increasing evidence of its importance in muscle function and physical performance. The present study attempted to determine whether patients with low serum vitamin D levels had impairment in early functional outcomes following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Methods: This was a prospective cohort study that included 92 patients. Patients were divided into two groups according to their vitamin D levels as assessed at the preoperative visit: (1) vitamin D-deficient group, serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25(OH)D) levels <12 ng/mL; (2) vitamin D non-deficient group, serum 25(OH)D levels ≥12 ng/mL. American Knee Society Score (KSS) and four other performance tests including the alternative step test (AST), six-metre walk test (SMT), sit-to-stand test (STS), and timed up and go test (TUGT) were used for assessment of post-operative function. All assessments were performed one day before and three months after TKA. Results: Of the 92 patients included in the study, 87 patients performed all required assessments. The mean post-operative functional KSS was significantly lesser in the vitamin D-deficient group than in the vitamin D non-deficient group (67.2 vs. 73.4, p = 0.031). The mean values of time taken for post-operative AST (16.6 vs. 14.6 s, p = 0.033) and SMT (8.8 vs. 7.7 s, p = 0.012) were significantly longer in the vitamin D-deficient group than in the vitamin D non-deficient group. Post-operative STS and TUGT demonstrated higher values for mean time taken in the vitamin D-deficient group than in the vitamin D non-deficient group, but these were not statistically significant (13.6 vs. 12.4 s, not significant (n.s.); 12.7 vs. 11.7 s, n.s., respectively). Conclusion: Early post-operative functional outcomes following TKA appear to be adversely affected by vitamin D deficiency. Level of evidence: Prospective cohort study, Level II.",
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Vitamin D deficiency adversely affects early post-operative functional outcomes after total knee arthroplasty. / Shin, Keun Young; Park, Kwan Kyu; moon, seonghwan; Yang, Ick Hwan; Choi, Ho June; Lee, Woo Suk.

In: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, Vol. 25, No. 11, 01.11.2017, p. 3424-3430.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Vitamin D deficiency adversely affects early post-operative functional outcomes after total knee arthroplasty

AU - Shin, Keun Young

AU - Park, Kwan Kyu

AU - moon, seonghwan

AU - Yang, Ick Hwan

AU - Choi, Ho June

AU - Lee, Woo Suk

PY - 2017/11/1

Y1 - 2017/11/1

N2 - Purpose: Vitamin D has received considerable attention in recent years owing to the increasing evidence of its importance in muscle function and physical performance. The present study attempted to determine whether patients with low serum vitamin D levels had impairment in early functional outcomes following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Methods: This was a prospective cohort study that included 92 patients. Patients were divided into two groups according to their vitamin D levels as assessed at the preoperative visit: (1) vitamin D-deficient group, serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25(OH)D) levels <12 ng/mL; (2) vitamin D non-deficient group, serum 25(OH)D levels ≥12 ng/mL. American Knee Society Score (KSS) and four other performance tests including the alternative step test (AST), six-metre walk test (SMT), sit-to-stand test (STS), and timed up and go test (TUGT) were used for assessment of post-operative function. All assessments were performed one day before and three months after TKA. Results: Of the 92 patients included in the study, 87 patients performed all required assessments. The mean post-operative functional KSS was significantly lesser in the vitamin D-deficient group than in the vitamin D non-deficient group (67.2 vs. 73.4, p = 0.031). The mean values of time taken for post-operative AST (16.6 vs. 14.6 s, p = 0.033) and SMT (8.8 vs. 7.7 s, p = 0.012) were significantly longer in the vitamin D-deficient group than in the vitamin D non-deficient group. Post-operative STS and TUGT demonstrated higher values for mean time taken in the vitamin D-deficient group than in the vitamin D non-deficient group, but these were not statistically significant (13.6 vs. 12.4 s, not significant (n.s.); 12.7 vs. 11.7 s, n.s., respectively). Conclusion: Early post-operative functional outcomes following TKA appear to be adversely affected by vitamin D deficiency. Level of evidence: Prospective cohort study, Level II.

AB - Purpose: Vitamin D has received considerable attention in recent years owing to the increasing evidence of its importance in muscle function and physical performance. The present study attempted to determine whether patients with low serum vitamin D levels had impairment in early functional outcomes following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Methods: This was a prospective cohort study that included 92 patients. Patients were divided into two groups according to their vitamin D levels as assessed at the preoperative visit: (1) vitamin D-deficient group, serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25(OH)D) levels <12 ng/mL; (2) vitamin D non-deficient group, serum 25(OH)D levels ≥12 ng/mL. American Knee Society Score (KSS) and four other performance tests including the alternative step test (AST), six-metre walk test (SMT), sit-to-stand test (STS), and timed up and go test (TUGT) were used for assessment of post-operative function. All assessments were performed one day before and three months after TKA. Results: Of the 92 patients included in the study, 87 patients performed all required assessments. The mean post-operative functional KSS was significantly lesser in the vitamin D-deficient group than in the vitamin D non-deficient group (67.2 vs. 73.4, p = 0.031). The mean values of time taken for post-operative AST (16.6 vs. 14.6 s, p = 0.033) and SMT (8.8 vs. 7.7 s, p = 0.012) were significantly longer in the vitamin D-deficient group than in the vitamin D non-deficient group. Post-operative STS and TUGT demonstrated higher values for mean time taken in the vitamin D-deficient group than in the vitamin D non-deficient group, but these were not statistically significant (13.6 vs. 12.4 s, not significant (n.s.); 12.7 vs. 11.7 s, n.s., respectively). Conclusion: Early post-operative functional outcomes following TKA appear to be adversely affected by vitamin D deficiency. Level of evidence: Prospective cohort study, Level II.

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