VLA imaging of Virgo spirals in atomic gas (VIVA). I. the atlas and the H i properties

Aeree Chung, J. H. Van Gorkom, Jeffrey D.P. Kenney, Hugh Crowl, Bernd Vollmer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We present the results of a new VLA H I Imaging survey of Virgo galaxies, the VLA Imaging survey of Virgo galaxies in Atomic gas (VIVA). The survey includes high-resolution H I data of 53 carefully selected late type galaxies (48 spirals and five irregular systems). The goal is to study environmental effects on H I gas properties of cluster galaxies to understand which physical mechanisms affect galaxy evolution in different density regions, and to establish how far out the impact of the cluster reaches. As a dynamically young cluster, Virgo contains examples of galaxies experiencing a variety of environmental effects. Its nearness allows us to study each galaxy in great detail. We have selected Virgo galaxies with a range of star formation properties in low to high density regions (at projected distances from M87, d 87 = 0.3-3.3 Mpc). Contrary to previous studies, more than half of the galaxies in the sample (∼60%) are fainter than 12 mag in BT . Overall, the selected galaxies represent the late type Virgo galaxies (S0/a to Sd/Irr) down to mp ≲ 14.6 fairly well in morphological type, systemic velocity, subcluster membership, H I mass, and deficiency. The H I observations were done in C short (CS) configuration of the VLA radio telescope, with a typical spatial resolution of 15″ and a column density sensitivity of ≈3-5 × 1019 cm-2 in 3σ per 10 km s -1 channel. The survey was supplemented with data of comparable quality from the NRAO archive, taken in CS or C configuration. In this paper, we present H I channel maps, total intensity maps, velocity fields, velocity dispersions, global/radial profiles, position-velocity diagrams and overlays of H I/1.4 GHz continuum maps on the optical images. We also present H I properties such as total flux (S H I), H I mass (M H I), linewidths (W 20 and W 50), velocity (V H I), deficiency (def H I), and size (D eff H I and D iso H I), and describe the H I morphology and kinematics of individual galaxies in detail. The survey has revealed details of H I features that were never seen before. In this paper, we briefly discuss differences in typical H I morphology for galaxies in regions of different galaxy densities. We confirm that galaxies near the cluster core (d 87 ≲ 0.5 Mpc) have H I disks that are smaller compared to their stellar disks (D H I/D 25 < 0.5). Most of these galaxies in the core also show gas displaced from the disk, which is either currently being stripped or falling back after a stripping event. At intermediate distances (d 87∼ 1 Mpc) from the center, we find a remarkable number of galaxies with long one-sided H I tails pointing away from M87. In a previous letter, we argue that these galaxies are recent arrivals, falling into the Virgo core for the first time. In the outskirts, we find many gas-rich galaxies, with gas disks extending far beyond their optical disks. Interestingly, we also find some galaxies with H I disks that are smaller compared to their stellar disks at large clustercentric distances.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1741-1816
Number of pages76
JournalAstronomical Journal
Volume138
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Dec 1

Fingerprint

monatomic gases
atlas
galaxies
gas
environmental effect
spatial resolution
kinematics
diagram
radio
gases
falling
optical disks

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Chung, Aeree ; Van Gorkom, J. H. ; Kenney, Jeffrey D.P. ; Crowl, Hugh ; Vollmer, Bernd. / VLA imaging of Virgo spirals in atomic gas (VIVA). I. the atlas and the H i properties. In: Astronomical Journal. 2009 ; Vol. 138, No. 6. pp. 1741-1816.
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abstract = "We present the results of a new VLA H I Imaging survey of Virgo galaxies, the VLA Imaging survey of Virgo galaxies in Atomic gas (VIVA). The survey includes high-resolution H I data of 53 carefully selected late type galaxies (48 spirals and five irregular systems). The goal is to study environmental effects on H I gas properties of cluster galaxies to understand which physical mechanisms affect galaxy evolution in different density regions, and to establish how far out the impact of the cluster reaches. As a dynamically young cluster, Virgo contains examples of galaxies experiencing a variety of environmental effects. Its nearness allows us to study each galaxy in great detail. We have selected Virgo galaxies with a range of star formation properties in low to high density regions (at projected distances from M87, d 87 = 0.3-3.3 Mpc). Contrary to previous studies, more than half of the galaxies in the sample (∼60{\%}) are fainter than 12 mag in BT . Overall, the selected galaxies represent the late type Virgo galaxies (S0/a to Sd/Irr) down to mp ≲ 14.6 fairly well in morphological type, systemic velocity, subcluster membership, H I mass, and deficiency. The H I observations were done in C short (CS) configuration of the VLA radio telescope, with a typical spatial resolution of 15″ and a column density sensitivity of ≈3-5 × 1019 cm-2 in 3σ per 10 km s -1 channel. The survey was supplemented with data of comparable quality from the NRAO archive, taken in CS or C configuration. In this paper, we present H I channel maps, total intensity maps, velocity fields, velocity dispersions, global/radial profiles, position-velocity diagrams and overlays of H I/1.4 GHz continuum maps on the optical images. We also present H I properties such as total flux (S H I), H I mass (M H I), linewidths (W 20 and W 50), velocity (V H I), deficiency (def H I), and size (D eff H I and D iso H I), and describe the H I morphology and kinematics of individual galaxies in detail. The survey has revealed details of H I features that were never seen before. In this paper, we briefly discuss differences in typical H I morphology for galaxies in regions of different galaxy densities. We confirm that galaxies near the cluster core (d 87 ≲ 0.5 Mpc) have H I disks that are smaller compared to their stellar disks (D H I/D 25 < 0.5). Most of these galaxies in the core also show gas displaced from the disk, which is either currently being stripped or falling back after a stripping event. At intermediate distances (d 87∼ 1 Mpc) from the center, we find a remarkable number of galaxies with long one-sided H I tails pointing away from M87. In a previous letter, we argue that these galaxies are recent arrivals, falling into the Virgo core for the first time. In the outskirts, we find many gas-rich galaxies, with gas disks extending far beyond their optical disks. Interestingly, we also find some galaxies with H I disks that are smaller compared to their stellar disks at large clustercentric distances.",
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VLA imaging of Virgo spirals in atomic gas (VIVA). I. the atlas and the H i properties. / Chung, Aeree; Van Gorkom, J. H.; Kenney, Jeffrey D.P.; Crowl, Hugh; Vollmer, Bernd.

In: Astronomical Journal, Vol. 138, No. 6, 01.12.2009, p. 1741-1816.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - VLA imaging of Virgo spirals in atomic gas (VIVA). I. the atlas and the H i properties

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AU - Vollmer, Bernd

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