Improvements in small sized sensors allow the easy detection of the presence of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) in the air using easy-to-deploy Internet of Things (IoT) devices. However, classifying what VOC exists in the environment still remains as a complex task. Knowing what VOCs are in the air can help us remove the main cause that vents VOC materials as a way to maintain clean air quality. In this work, we present VOCkit, an IoT sensor kit for non-chemical experts to easily detect and classify different types of VOCs. VOCkit combines miniature chemically-designed fluorometric sensors for recognizing VOCs with an embedded imaging system for classification. Exposing the fluorometric sensors with various VOCs, result in the photophysical property change of fluorescent compounds, which composes the sensors, and the synergistic combination of the changes create unique individual fluorescent color patterns respectively to the VOC material. The fluorescent color change pattern is captured using an embedded camera and the images are processed with machine learning algorithms on the embedded platform for VOC classification. Using 500 fluorometric sensor images collected for five different commonly contactable VOCs, we show the feasibility of VOC classification on small-sized IoT devices. For the VOC types of our interest, our results show a classification accuracy of 97%, implying the potential applicability of VOCkit for real-world usage.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported in part by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF), South Korea funded by the Ministry of Science and ICT (MSIT), South Korea, through the Information Technology Research Center (ITRC) Support Program, supervised by the Institute for Information and Communications Technology Planning and Evaluation (IITP), under Grant IITP-2020-2020-0-01461 and by the NRF, South Korea Grant funded by the MSIT (No. 2015R1A5A1037668 ).
© 2020 Elsevier B.V.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Hardware and Architecture
- Computer Networks and Communications