Volatile substance misuse (VSM) is prevalent in the United States and associated with manifold deleterious outcomes. This review summarizes research on: (1) the prevalence of VSM in the United States and its trends since 1975, (2) population subgroups at an elevated risk for VSM, (3) key correlates of VSM, (4) psychosocial consequences of VSM, including emerging public health threats, and (5) etiological and contextual considerations of VSM use. Implications for future research and practice with volatile substance misusers in the United States are identified.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Preparation of this study was supported by grants DA021405 (Natural History, Comorbid Mental Disorders, and Consequences of Inhalant Use, M.O. Howard, PI), and DA15929 (Neuropsychiatric Impairments in Adolescent Inhalant Users, M.O. Howard, PI) from the National Institute on Drug Abuse. Address correspondence to Matthew O. Howard, The University of North Carolina, Tate-Turner-Kuralt Building, 325 Pittsboro, CB 3550, Chapel Hill, NC 27514; E-mail: email@example.com.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Health(social science)
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Psychiatry and Mental health