The effect of a crosslinkable imide moiety, bismaleimide (BMI), on the water sorption properties of poly(ether imide) (PEI) was gravimetrically measured and interpreted together with the chemical and morphological structures in composite films. The morphological structure of composite films was investigated by using a prism coupler and X-ray diffraction pattern. It indicated that the inplane orientation and intermolecular packing order increased as the content of BMI in composite films increased. The water sorption behaviors showed dependence on the morphological change originating from the addition of BMI to PEI. The composite film with relatively high content of BMI exhibited a relatively high degree of in-plane orientation and a small mean intermolecular distance, which resulted in a decrease in the diffusion rate and water sorption and an increase in the activation energy in composite films.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Polymers and Plastics
- Materials Chemistry