Wavelength dependence of Ångström exponent and single scattering albedo observed by skyradiometer in Seoul, Korea

Ja-Ho Koo, Jhoon Kim, Jaehwa Lee, Thomas F. Eck, Yun Gon Lee, Sang Seo Park, Mijin Kim, Ukkyo Jung, Jongmin Yoon, Jungbin Mok, Hi Ku Cho

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Abstract

Absorption and scattering characteristics of various aerosol events are investigated using 2-years of measurements from a skyradiometer at Yonsei University in Seoul, Korea. Both transported dust and anthropogenic aerosols are observed at distinct geo-location of Seoul, a megacity located a few thousand kilometers away from dust source regions in China. We focus on the wavelength dependence of Ångström exponent (AE) and single scattering albedo (SSA), showing the characteristics of regional aerosols. The correlation between spectral SSAs and AEs calculated using different wavelength pairs generally indicates relatively weak absorption of fine-mode aerosols (urban pollution and/or biomass burning) and strong absorption of coarse-mode aerosols (desert dust) at this location. AE ratio (AER), a ratio of AEs calculated using wavelength pair between shorter (340-675 nm) and longer wavelength pair (675-1020 nm) correlates differently with SSA according to the dominant size of local aerosols. Correlations between SSA and AER show strong absorption of aerosols for AER < 1.0 and weak absorption for AER > 2.0. Based on the seasonal pattern of wavelength dependence of AER and SSA, this correlation difference looks to reveal the separated characteristics of transported dust and anthropogenic particles from urban pollution respectively. The seasonal characteristics of AER and SSAs also show that the skyradiometer measurement with multiple wavelengths may be able to detect the water soluble brown carbon, one of the important secondary organic aerosols in the summertime atmospheric composition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12-19
Number of pages8
JournalAtmospheric Research
Volume181
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Nov 15

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albedo
scattering
aerosol
wavelength
dust
urban pollution
megacity
biomass burning
desert

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atmospheric Science

Cite this

Koo, Ja-Ho ; Kim, Jhoon ; Lee, Jaehwa ; Eck, Thomas F. ; Lee, Yun Gon ; Park, Sang Seo ; Kim, Mijin ; Jung, Ukkyo ; Yoon, Jongmin ; Mok, Jungbin ; Cho, Hi Ku. / Wavelength dependence of Ångström exponent and single scattering albedo observed by skyradiometer in Seoul, Korea. In: Atmospheric Research. 2016 ; Vol. 181. pp. 12-19.
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Wavelength dependence of Ångström exponent and single scattering albedo observed by skyradiometer in Seoul, Korea. / Koo, Ja-Ho; Kim, Jhoon; Lee, Jaehwa; Eck, Thomas F.; Lee, Yun Gon; Park, Sang Seo; Kim, Mijin; Jung, Ukkyo; Yoon, Jongmin; Mok, Jungbin; Cho, Hi Ku.

In: Atmospheric Research, Vol. 181, 15.11.2016, p. 12-19.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Koo, Ja-Ho

AU - Kim, Jhoon

AU - Lee, Jaehwa

AU - Eck, Thomas F.

AU - Lee, Yun Gon

AU - Park, Sang Seo

AU - Kim, Mijin

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AU - Cho, Hi Ku

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AB - Absorption and scattering characteristics of various aerosol events are investigated using 2-years of measurements from a skyradiometer at Yonsei University in Seoul, Korea. Both transported dust and anthropogenic aerosols are observed at distinct geo-location of Seoul, a megacity located a few thousand kilometers away from dust source regions in China. We focus on the wavelength dependence of Ångström exponent (AE) and single scattering albedo (SSA), showing the characteristics of regional aerosols. The correlation between spectral SSAs and AEs calculated using different wavelength pairs generally indicates relatively weak absorption of fine-mode aerosols (urban pollution and/or biomass burning) and strong absorption of coarse-mode aerosols (desert dust) at this location. AE ratio (AER), a ratio of AEs calculated using wavelength pair between shorter (340-675 nm) and longer wavelength pair (675-1020 nm) correlates differently with SSA according to the dominant size of local aerosols. Correlations between SSA and AER show strong absorption of aerosols for AER < 1.0 and weak absorption for AER > 2.0. Based on the seasonal pattern of wavelength dependence of AER and SSA, this correlation difference looks to reveal the separated characteristics of transported dust and anthropogenic particles from urban pollution respectively. The seasonal characteristics of AER and SSAs also show that the skyradiometer measurement with multiple wavelengths may be able to detect the water soluble brown carbon, one of the important secondary organic aerosols in the summertime atmospheric composition.

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