Weight control behaviors according to body weight status and accuracy of weight perceptions among Korean women

a nationwide population-based survey

Boyoung Park, Ha Na Cho, Eunji Choi, Da Hea Seo, Nam Soon Kim, Eunja Park, Sue Kim, Yeong Ran Park, Kui Son Choi, Yumie Rhee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This study aimed to identify associations among self-perceived weight status, accuracy of weight perceptions, and weight control behaviors, including both healthy and unhealthy behaviors, in a large, nationally representative sample from an East Asian country. Data were collected from the 2016 Korean Study of Women’s Health Related Issues, a population-based, nationwide survey. Accurate weight perceptions were investigated by comparing body mass index (BMI) categories, based on self-reported height and weight, and weight perceptions. Weight control behaviors over the previous 12 months were additionally surveyed. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) are presented as an index of associations. Among normal weight, overweight, and obese women, 12.8%, 44.3%, and 17.4% under-assessed their weight; 17.9% of normal weight women over-assessed their weight. Both weight status according to BMI category and weight perceptions were strongly associated with having tried to lose weight. Exercise and diet (ate less) were the most commonly applied weight control behaviors. Misperception of weight was related to more unhealthy weight control behaviors and less healthy behaviors: Women who under-assessed their weight showed a lower tendency to engage in dieting (OR = 0.57, 95% CI = 0.43–0.75) and a greater tendency to fast/skip meals (OR = 1.47, 95% CI = 1.07–1.99). Meanwhile, normal weight or overweight women who over-assessed their weight were more likely to have engaged in fasting/skipping meals or using diet pills (OR = 5.72, 95% CI = 2.45–13.56 for fasting/skipping meal in overweight women; OR = 1.62, 95% CI = 1.15–2.29 and OR = 3.16, 95% CI = 1.15–8.23 for using diet pills in normal and overweight women). Inaccuracy of weight perceptions in any direction (over/under) were related to more unhealthy weight control behaviors and less healthy weight control behaviors, especially in normal and overweight women.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9127
JournalScientific reports
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Dec 1

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Weight Perception
Behavior Control
Body Weight
Weights and Measures
Population
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Meals
Surveys and Questionnaires
Diet
Fasting
Body Mass Index

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

Cite this

Park, Boyoung ; Cho, Ha Na ; Choi, Eunji ; Seo, Da Hea ; Kim, Nam Soon ; Park, Eunja ; Kim, Sue ; Park, Yeong Ran ; Choi, Kui Son ; Rhee, Yumie. / Weight control behaviors according to body weight status and accuracy of weight perceptions among Korean women : a nationwide population-based survey. In: Scientific reports. 2019 ; Vol. 9, No. 1.
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abstract = "This study aimed to identify associations among self-perceived weight status, accuracy of weight perceptions, and weight control behaviors, including both healthy and unhealthy behaviors, in a large, nationally representative sample from an East Asian country. Data were collected from the 2016 Korean Study of Women’s Health Related Issues, a population-based, nationwide survey. Accurate weight perceptions were investigated by comparing body mass index (BMI) categories, based on self-reported height and weight, and weight perceptions. Weight control behaviors over the previous 12 months were additionally surveyed. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95{\%} confidence intervals (CIs) are presented as an index of associations. Among normal weight, overweight, and obese women, 12.8{\%}, 44.3{\%}, and 17.4{\%} under-assessed their weight; 17.9{\%} of normal weight women over-assessed their weight. Both weight status according to BMI category and weight perceptions were strongly associated with having tried to lose weight. Exercise and diet (ate less) were the most commonly applied weight control behaviors. Misperception of weight was related to more unhealthy weight control behaviors and less healthy behaviors: Women who under-assessed their weight showed a lower tendency to engage in dieting (OR = 0.57, 95{\%} CI = 0.43–0.75) and a greater tendency to fast/skip meals (OR = 1.47, 95{\%} CI = 1.07–1.99). Meanwhile, normal weight or overweight women who over-assessed their weight were more likely to have engaged in fasting/skipping meals or using diet pills (OR = 5.72, 95{\%} CI = 2.45–13.56 for fasting/skipping meal in overweight women; OR = 1.62, 95{\%} CI = 1.15–2.29 and OR = 3.16, 95{\%} CI = 1.15–8.23 for using diet pills in normal and overweight women). Inaccuracy of weight perceptions in any direction (over/under) were related to more unhealthy weight control behaviors and less healthy weight control behaviors, especially in normal and overweight women.",
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Weight control behaviors according to body weight status and accuracy of weight perceptions among Korean women : a nationwide population-based survey. / Park, Boyoung; Cho, Ha Na; Choi, Eunji; Seo, Da Hea; Kim, Nam Soon; Park, Eunja; Kim, Sue; Park, Yeong Ran; Choi, Kui Son; Rhee, Yumie.

In: Scientific reports, Vol. 9, No. 1, 9127, 01.12.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Weight control behaviors according to body weight status and accuracy of weight perceptions among Korean women

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AU - Park, Boyoung

AU - Cho, Ha Na

AU - Choi, Eunji

AU - Seo, Da Hea

AU - Kim, Nam Soon

AU - Park, Eunja

AU - Kim, Sue

AU - Park, Yeong Ran

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AU - Rhee, Yumie

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AB - This study aimed to identify associations among self-perceived weight status, accuracy of weight perceptions, and weight control behaviors, including both healthy and unhealthy behaviors, in a large, nationally representative sample from an East Asian country. Data were collected from the 2016 Korean Study of Women’s Health Related Issues, a population-based, nationwide survey. Accurate weight perceptions were investigated by comparing body mass index (BMI) categories, based on self-reported height and weight, and weight perceptions. Weight control behaviors over the previous 12 months were additionally surveyed. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) are presented as an index of associations. Among normal weight, overweight, and obese women, 12.8%, 44.3%, and 17.4% under-assessed their weight; 17.9% of normal weight women over-assessed their weight. Both weight status according to BMI category and weight perceptions were strongly associated with having tried to lose weight. Exercise and diet (ate less) were the most commonly applied weight control behaviors. Misperception of weight was related to more unhealthy weight control behaviors and less healthy behaviors: Women who under-assessed their weight showed a lower tendency to engage in dieting (OR = 0.57, 95% CI = 0.43–0.75) and a greater tendency to fast/skip meals (OR = 1.47, 95% CI = 1.07–1.99). Meanwhile, normal weight or overweight women who over-assessed their weight were more likely to have engaged in fasting/skipping meals or using diet pills (OR = 5.72, 95% CI = 2.45–13.56 for fasting/skipping meal in overweight women; OR = 1.62, 95% CI = 1.15–2.29 and OR = 3.16, 95% CI = 1.15–8.23 for using diet pills in normal and overweight women). Inaccuracy of weight perceptions in any direction (over/under) were related to more unhealthy weight control behaviors and less healthy weight control behaviors, especially in normal and overweight women.

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