We report the development of improved antifouling and photocatalytic membranes based on an organized mesoporous TiO2 (om-TiO2) layer on a porous alumina (Al2O3) support. The om-TiO2 layer was templated by an amphiphilic graft copolymer, i.e., poly(vinyl chloride)-graft-poly(oxyethylene methacrylate) (PVC-g-POEM), and was 50–70 nm in pore size with high porosity and good pore interconnectivity. The precoating of poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) (PVP) on a porous alumina support was the key to providing a flat platform and improving the adhesion properties of alumina with TiO2, which allowed for the formation of om-TiO2 membranes. Fouling of photocatalytic om-TiO2 on the alumina membrane was also investigated using a laboratory-scale photocatalytic dead-end filtration reactor using a model dye compound. The fouling rate was observed to be much slower for the om-TiO2 membrane compared to the bare alumina support under UV illumination during 6 h of membrane operation. The PVP precoating on the alumina support improved the permeation quality of the om-TiO2 membrane. The improved removal of the organic dye compound was thought to result from the enhanced adsorption capability of organic compounds and subsequent photocatalytic reactions on the om-TiO2 layer. However, UV illumination performed for longer than 6 h gradually increased the fouling rate due to the deposition of the organic dye compound on the membrane surface, and prohibited the accessibility of the UV light to the TiO2 layer.
|Number of pages||11|
|Publication status||Published - 2017 Mar 15|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning (NRF-2012R1A1A1011929). J.H. Kim acknowledges the financial support by the Center for Advanced Meta-Materials (NRF-2014M3A6B3063716).
© 2016 Elsevier B.V.
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