What is the role of resistance exercise in improving the cardiometabolic health of adolescents with obesity?

So Jung Lee, Yoon Myung Kim, Jennifer L. Kuk

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Traditionally, individuals with obesity have been encouraged to participate in aerobic exercise for long-term weight management and improved obesity-related health outcomes. Recently, resistance exercise has become a popular mode of exercise among youth with obesity. However, to date, the literature is mixed as to whether resistance exercise training alone improves body weight, fat free mass, body composition, cardiovascular risk factors, or atherogenic lipoprotein profiles. The limited research in this area suggests potential sex differences in response to resistance training in youth. The literature is more consistent in demonstrating improvements in muscular fitness and insulin resistance independent of caloric restriction and weight loss. Although major health organizations recommend combining aerobic and resistance training, little research has examined the effects of their combination versus their individual effects, thus it is unclear whether their combination is associated with benefits that extend beyond those of either exercise modality alone. The purpose of this review is to examine the effects of resistance exercise on body composition and the health risk factors associated with cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes in youth with obesity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)76-91
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2019 Korean Society for the Study of Obesity.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism


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