Which Type of Risk Information to Use for Whom? Moderating Role of Outcome-Relevant Involvement in the Effects of Statistical and Exemplified Risk Information on Risk Perceptions

Jiyeon So, Se Hoon Jeong, Yoori Hwang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The extant empirical research examining the effectiveness of statistical and exemplar-based health information is largely inconsistent. Under the premise that the inconsistency may be due to an unacknowledged moderator (O’Keefe, 2002), this study examined a moderating role of outcome-relevant involvement (Johnson & Eagly, 1989) in the effects of statistical and exemplified risk information on risk perception. Consistent with predictions based on elaboration likelihood model (Petty & Cacioppo, 1984), findings from an experiment (N = 237) concerning alcohol consumption risks showed that statistical risk information predicted risk perceptions of individuals with high, rather than low, involvement, while exemplified risk information predicted risk perceptions of those with low, rather than high, involvement. Moreover, statistical risk information contributed to negative attitude toward drinking via increased risk perception only for highly involved individuals, while exemplified risk information influenced the attitude through the same mechanism only for individuals with low involvement. Theoretical and practical implications for health risk communication are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)304-311
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Health Communication
Volume22
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Apr 3

Fingerprint

Risk perception
Moderators
Health risks
Alcohols
risk communication
Health Communication
Health
Empirical Research
moderator
health information
health risk
alcohol consumption
Communication
Alcohol Drinking
empirical research
Drinking

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health(social science)
  • Communication
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Library and Information Sciences

Cite this

@article{439f5e13ae424cfb8e9806d643b6f0b3,
title = "Which Type of Risk Information to Use for Whom? Moderating Role of Outcome-Relevant Involvement in the Effects of Statistical and Exemplified Risk Information on Risk Perceptions",
abstract = "The extant empirical research examining the effectiveness of statistical and exemplar-based health information is largely inconsistent. Under the premise that the inconsistency may be due to an unacknowledged moderator (O’Keefe, 2002), this study examined a moderating role of outcome-relevant involvement (Johnson & Eagly, 1989) in the effects of statistical and exemplified risk information on risk perception. Consistent with predictions based on elaboration likelihood model (Petty & Cacioppo, 1984), findings from an experiment (N = 237) concerning alcohol consumption risks showed that statistical risk information predicted risk perceptions of individuals with high, rather than low, involvement, while exemplified risk information predicted risk perceptions of those with low, rather than high, involvement. Moreover, statistical risk information contributed to negative attitude toward drinking via increased risk perception only for highly involved individuals, while exemplified risk information influenced the attitude through the same mechanism only for individuals with low involvement. Theoretical and practical implications for health risk communication are discussed.",
author = "Jiyeon So and Jeong, {Se Hoon} and Yoori Hwang",
year = "2017",
month = "4",
day = "3",
doi = "10.1080/10810730.2016.1252819",
language = "English",
volume = "22",
pages = "304--311",
journal = "Journal of Health Communication",
issn = "1081-0730",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Which Type of Risk Information to Use for Whom? Moderating Role of Outcome-Relevant Involvement in the Effects of Statistical and Exemplified Risk Information on Risk Perceptions

AU - So, Jiyeon

AU - Jeong, Se Hoon

AU - Hwang, Yoori

PY - 2017/4/3

Y1 - 2017/4/3

N2 - The extant empirical research examining the effectiveness of statistical and exemplar-based health information is largely inconsistent. Under the premise that the inconsistency may be due to an unacknowledged moderator (O’Keefe, 2002), this study examined a moderating role of outcome-relevant involvement (Johnson & Eagly, 1989) in the effects of statistical and exemplified risk information on risk perception. Consistent with predictions based on elaboration likelihood model (Petty & Cacioppo, 1984), findings from an experiment (N = 237) concerning alcohol consumption risks showed that statistical risk information predicted risk perceptions of individuals with high, rather than low, involvement, while exemplified risk information predicted risk perceptions of those with low, rather than high, involvement. Moreover, statistical risk information contributed to negative attitude toward drinking via increased risk perception only for highly involved individuals, while exemplified risk information influenced the attitude through the same mechanism only for individuals with low involvement. Theoretical and practical implications for health risk communication are discussed.

AB - The extant empirical research examining the effectiveness of statistical and exemplar-based health information is largely inconsistent. Under the premise that the inconsistency may be due to an unacknowledged moderator (O’Keefe, 2002), this study examined a moderating role of outcome-relevant involvement (Johnson & Eagly, 1989) in the effects of statistical and exemplified risk information on risk perception. Consistent with predictions based on elaboration likelihood model (Petty & Cacioppo, 1984), findings from an experiment (N = 237) concerning alcohol consumption risks showed that statistical risk information predicted risk perceptions of individuals with high, rather than low, involvement, while exemplified risk information predicted risk perceptions of those with low, rather than high, involvement. Moreover, statistical risk information contributed to negative attitude toward drinking via increased risk perception only for highly involved individuals, while exemplified risk information influenced the attitude through the same mechanism only for individuals with low involvement. Theoretical and practical implications for health risk communication are discussed.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85014639579&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85014639579&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/10810730.2016.1252819

DO - 10.1080/10810730.2016.1252819

M3 - Article

C2 - 28273001

AN - SCOPUS:85014639579

VL - 22

SP - 304

EP - 311

JO - Journal of Health Communication

JF - Journal of Health Communication

SN - 1081-0730

IS - 4

ER -