Who Are Truant Youth? Examining Distinctive Profiles of Truant Youth Using Latent Profile Analysis

Brandy R. Maynard, Christopher P. Salas-Wright, Michael George Vaughn, Kristen E. Peters

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

57 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study explored the heterogeneity of truant youth to provide a more nuanced examination of the nature of adolescent truancy and examine distinct profiles of truant youth as they relate to externalizing behaviors. Latent profile analysis was employed to examine the heterogeneity of truant youth by using a nationally representative sample of 1,646 truant adolescents (49. 8 % female) from the 2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health. Five key indicator variables were utilized to identify latent classes: school engagement, participation in school-based activities, grades, parental academic involvement, and number of school days skipped. Additionally, multinomial regression was employed to examine the relationship between latent truant youth classes and externalizing behaviors. Four classes of truant youth were identified: achievers (28. 55 %), moderate students (24. 30 %), academically disengaged (40. 89 %), and chronic skippers (6. 26 %). Additionally, group membership was found to be associated differentially with marijuana use, fighting, theft and selling drugs. Results from the present study suggest that truant youth are not a homogenous group, but rather present with different risk profiles as they relate to key indicators, demographic characteristics and externalizing behaviors. Implications for practice, policy and future research are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1671-1684
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Youth and Adolescence
Volume41
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jul 9

Fingerprint

adolescent
truancy
school class
larceny
Theft
selling
group membership
school
drug use
Cannabis
Pharmaceutical Preparations
drug
regression
examination
participation
present
Demography
Students
health
Health

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Maynard, Brandy R. ; Salas-Wright, Christopher P. ; Vaughn, Michael George ; Peters, Kristen E. / Who Are Truant Youth? Examining Distinctive Profiles of Truant Youth Using Latent Profile Analysis. In: Journal of Youth and Adolescence. 2012 ; Vol. 41, No. 12. pp. 1671-1684.
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Who Are Truant Youth? Examining Distinctive Profiles of Truant Youth Using Latent Profile Analysis. / Maynard, Brandy R.; Salas-Wright, Christopher P.; Vaughn, Michael George; Peters, Kristen E.

In: Journal of Youth and Adolescence, Vol. 41, No. 12, 09.07.2012, p. 1671-1684.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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