Why Do Housing Mobility Programs Fail in Moving Households to Better Neighborhoods?

Rachel Garshick Kleit, Seungbeom Kang, Corianne Payton Scally

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This article conceptualizes the relationship between housing instability, residential mobility, and neighborhood quality. We summarize the existing literature about residential mobility and housing instability and examine their potential interactions along three dimensions: (a) the reasons for a move, including a variety of push and pull factors; (b) mobility outcomes in terms of whether moves result in residing in a better or worse neighborhood than that of the prior residence; and, especially important for low-income households, (c) the degree to which the current move and past experiences of moving have been discretionary or forced. Housing instability is a cumulative concept, with involuntary moves at its center. This synthetic model of housing instability's impact on mobility outcomes suggests that the more instability a household has experienced, the less likely mobility moves are to occur, or, if they do occur, to be long lasting. Policy implementation may underestimate the interaction between cumulative housing instability and residential mobility in housing mobility policies. Thus, these interactions have implications for mobility policies, pointing toward a path for future research that inform policies to move low-income households toward both greater housing stability and better neighborhood outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)188-209
Number of pages22
JournalHousing Policy Debate
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan 2

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Development
  • Urban Studies
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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