Wide-field stellar distributions around the remote young galactic globular clusters Palomar 3 and Palomar 4

Young-Jong Sohn, Jang Hyun Park, Soo Chang Rey, Young-Wook Lee, Ho Il Kim, Seung Joon Oh, Sang Gak Lee, Myung Gyoon Lee, Wonyong Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In a search for tidal extension features and/or streams of the probable parent satellite galaxies around the remote young globular clusters Pal 3 and Pal 4, we used wide-field VI photometry of an area a ∼ 1°.3 × 1°.3 around Pal 3 and an area a ∼ 1°.3 × 0°.9 around Pal 4, obtained with the CFH12K mosaic CCD. Applying the CMD-mask algorithm to stars in the vicinity of the clusters, we selected member star candidates that were used to examine the characteristics of the spatial distribution of stars around Pal 3 and Pal 4. The isodensity contours in the Gaussian-smoothed spatial stellar density maps around the clusters, and the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test applied to the corresponding luminosity functions, indicate tidal halos around Pal 3 at distances of up to ∼4r t , and around Pal 4 of up to ∼6r t . The stellar distribution around Pal 3 suggests north-south elongations along the directions of the Galactic center and anticenter, and a northeast extension in the direction of the cluster's proper motion. In the vicinity of Pal 4 an extension of a tail around the cluster in the opposite direction to the Galactic center and a possible extension of stars toward the Galactic center have also been detected in the isodensity maps and in the angular luminosity functions. We discuss the relevance of the spatial distribution of stars in possible streams around Pal 3 and Pal 4 to these spatial correlations and to the space orbits of the possible parent satellite galaxies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)803-814
Number of pages12
JournalAstronomical Journal
Volume126
Issue number2 1772
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Aug 1

Fingerprint

star distribution
globular clusters
stars
spatial distribution
luminosity
Kolmogorov-Smirnov test
galaxies
proper motion
elongation
photometry
halos
charge coupled devices
masks
distribution
young
orbits

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Sohn, Young-Jong ; Park, Jang Hyun ; Rey, Soo Chang ; Lee, Young-Wook ; Kim, Ho Il ; Oh, Seung Joon ; Lee, Sang Gak ; Lee, Myung Gyoon ; Han, Wonyong. / Wide-field stellar distributions around the remote young galactic globular clusters Palomar 3 and Palomar 4. In: Astronomical Journal. 2003 ; Vol. 126, No. 2 1772. pp. 803-814.
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Wide-field stellar distributions around the remote young galactic globular clusters Palomar 3 and Palomar 4. / Sohn, Young-Jong; Park, Jang Hyun; Rey, Soo Chang; Lee, Young-Wook; Kim, Ho Il; Oh, Seung Joon; Lee, Sang Gak; Lee, Myung Gyoon; Han, Wonyong.

In: Astronomical Journal, Vol. 126, No. 2 1772, 01.08.2003, p. 803-814.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - In a search for tidal extension features and/or streams of the probable parent satellite galaxies around the remote young globular clusters Pal 3 and Pal 4, we used wide-field VI photometry of an area a ∼ 1°.3 × 1°.3 around Pal 3 and an area a ∼ 1°.3 × 0°.9 around Pal 4, obtained with the CFH12K mosaic CCD. Applying the CMD-mask algorithm to stars in the vicinity of the clusters, we selected member star candidates that were used to examine the characteristics of the spatial distribution of stars around Pal 3 and Pal 4. The isodensity contours in the Gaussian-smoothed spatial stellar density maps around the clusters, and the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test applied to the corresponding luminosity functions, indicate tidal halos around Pal 3 at distances of up to ∼4r t , and around Pal 4 of up to ∼6r t . The stellar distribution around Pal 3 suggests north-south elongations along the directions of the Galactic center and anticenter, and a northeast extension in the direction of the cluster's proper motion. In the vicinity of Pal 4 an extension of a tail around the cluster in the opposite direction to the Galactic center and a possible extension of stars toward the Galactic center have also been detected in the isodensity maps and in the angular luminosity functions. We discuss the relevance of the spatial distribution of stars in possible streams around Pal 3 and Pal 4 to these spatial correlations and to the space orbits of the possible parent satellite galaxies.

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