Wideband branch-line couplers with arbitrary coupling levels are demonstrated. By integrating single-section quarter-wave transformers at each port, wideband characteristic with excellent coupling flatness is achieved. Also, a method is demonstrated that introduces intentional mismatch for a further enhancement in bandwidth. Superior structural and design simplicity outperform previous wideband couplers. Branch-line couplers at 3 GHz are demonstrated experimentally that maintain the coupling level within 0.5 dB from the specified 10 dB in as much as a 50.9% bandwidth, with minimum return loss and isolation of 16.3 and 18.7 dB, respectively.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering