A wideband U-shaped parasitic patch antenna is proposed. Two parasitic elements are incorporated into the radiating edges of a rectangular patch whose length and width are λg/2 and λg/4, respectively, in order to achieve wide bandwidth with relatively small size. Coupling between the main patch and U-shaped parasitic patches is realized by either horizontal or vertical gaps. These gaps are found to be the main factors of the wideband impedance matching. The proposed antenna is designed and fabricated on a small size ground plane (25 mm × 30 mm) for application of compact transceivers. The fabricated antenna on a FR4 substrate shows an impedance bandwidth of 27.3% (1.5 GHz) at 5.5 GHz center frequency. The measured radiation patterns are similar to those of a conventional patch antenna with slightly higher gains of 6.4 dB and 5.2 dB at each resonant frequency.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering