A ground-plane cloak is designed based on the quasi-conformal mapping method to hide a perfectly conducting object. It is fabricated with a metamaterial, a mixture of a dielectric and air. Using the dielectric mixing formula, the required volume fraction is calculated for a designed refractive index of the cloak. To guarantee the statistical isotropy of the cloak structure, many small pixels are randomly connected to form the metamaterial. A three-dimensional printing machine is used to implement the whole designed cloak structure. The performance of the cloak is experimentally analyzed over a wide frequency range for both independent polarizations. The measurement is also validated by numerical full-wave simulations. Because the quasi-conformal mapping generates unrealistic refractive indices, less than unity, those are removed. The effect of the truncation is experimentally observed and theoretically analyzed by the ray-tracing method.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Defence Nano Technology Application Center Program of the Defense Acquisition Program Administration and Agency for Defense Development of South Korea. The authors would like to thank Dr. Ilsung Seo for assisting the authors to use the 3D printer.
© 2018 The Author(s).
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