Work Function Engineering of Electrohydrodynamic-Jet-Printed PEDOT:PSS Electrodes for High-Performance Printed Electronics

Benzheng Lyu, Soeun Im, Hongyue Jing, Sungjoo Lee, Se Hyun Kim, Jung Hyun Kim, Jeong Ho Cho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(4-styrene sulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) has demonstrated outstanding performance as a charge transport layer or an electrode in various electronic devices, including organic solar cells, organic light-emitting diodes, and organic field-effect transistors (OFETs). The electrical properties of these devices are affected by the contact properties at the PEDOT:PSS-semiconductor junction. In this research, we performed work function (WF) engineering of electrohydrodynamic (EHD)-jet-printed PEDOT:PSS and successfully used it as an electrode to fabricate high-performance OFETs and complementary logic circuits. Two types of PEDOT:PSS materials-one with a high WF (HWF, 5.28 eV) and the other with a low WF (LWF, 4.53 eV)-were synthesized and EHD-jet-printed. The WF of PEDOT:PSS was deterministically modulated by approximately 0.75 eV through simple mixing of the two synthesized PEDOT:PSS materials in various ratios. OFETs fabricated with HWF and LWF PEDOT:PSS electrodes showed excellent electrical properties, including the ON/OFF switching ratio higher than 107 and the highest carrier mobility greater than 1 cm2·V-1·s-1. Furthermore, the HWF and LWF PEDOT:PSS electrodes were integrated to fabricate complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) NOT, NOR, and NAND circuits.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17799-17805
Number of pages7
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume12
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Apr 15

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by the Creative Materials Discovery Program (NRF-2019M3D1A1078299) through the National Research Foundation (NRF) of Korea funded by the Ministry of Science and ICT, the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education (NRF-2019R1A6A1A11055660), and the Technology Innovation Program (20002931) funded by the Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy (MOTIE, Korea).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 American Chemical Society.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)

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