Based on a thorough review of the literature we identified four research streams identifying four corresponding factors that play an important in role work-life balance: (1) balanced role commitment, (2) positive spillover, (3) role conflict, and (4) social alienation. Based on these four factors, we classified individuals into four work-life balance groups with differing levels of life satisfaction. We then explained the psychological dynamics of the model by articulating three principles: satisfaction spillover across life domains, need satisfaction quota, and satisfaction from basic plus growth needs. Research and policy implications are also discussed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Life-span and Life-course Studies