We examine the gender differences in the magnitude of the effects of work transitions on subjective well-being using the United Kingdom Household Longitudinal Study data spanning from 2009 to 2016. We use the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) as a measure of self-reported levels of subjective well-being and apply the propensity score matching technique combined with the difference-in-differences strategy for the analysis. Our findings suggest that men tend to experience larger shifts in subjective well-being when becoming employed or unemployed compared with women; this gender gap is larger when becoming unemployed than employed. We further test and confirm that this gender gap widens between married couples and suggest that social norms or gender roles may be the underlying reasons for the gender differences.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We thank Jaesung Choi and the seminar participants at Yonsei University, 2019 Korea’s allied Economic Associations Annual Meeting, 14th Joint Economics Symposium of Six Leading East Asian Universities, and the Labor Economics Working Group (LEWG) in Korea for their generous comments. Understanding Society is an initiative funded by the Economic and Social Research Council and various Government Departments, with scientific leadership by the Institute for Social and Economic Research, University of Essex, and survey delivery by NatCen Social Research and Kantar Public. The research data are distributed by the UK Data Service. This work was supported by the Yonsei University Research Grant of 2020.
© 2020, The International Society for Quality-of-Life Studies (ISQOLS) and Springer Nature B.V.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Life-span and Life-course Studies